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5 Free Online Resources for Learning Music Theory (Plus a Bonus)

Learn the different scale types and modes that exist and the popular songs that make use of them, and all inside your DAW’s piano roll, in Soundfly’s game-changing free online music theory course series, Theory for Producers, taught by NYU professor Ethan Hein.

Music theory is a taboo word in many circles, and it is not uncommon to hear musicians say that theory will inhibit your creativity by making the process too heady or rules-oriented.

I guess there’s a little bit of truth to that sentiment if you believe that the point of music theory is that its rules can never be broken… which is not true at all. Think of theory as being similar to linguistic grammar, which functions as a tool to articulate oneself effectively, but it doesn’t force itself on your speech or tell you what to say. Hip-hop artists reading this right now are rejoicing somewhere ecstatically.

When most people begin playing music, they don’t necessarily worry about what is happening technically, why certain notes and chords sound way better (or darker, lighter, complicated, simple, brooding, open-ended, sad, dissonant, etc.) than others. They just want to enjoy themselves — that is, until they hit a plateau where they see someone they admire performing with more freedom and more versatility than they could ever imagine.

It’s at this point that picking up a bit of theory can help you figure out what your musical tendencies are as well as help you to break new musical concepts down into manageable pieces, so you can become more musically fluent. Whether you are a bedroom producer, a singer-songwriter, or a session instrumentalist, music theory can help you reach your musical goals and build confidence by gaining an understanding of what you are playing, how to make it better, and why you like the music you like.

In other words, there’s no reason not to learn at least a little bit of theory. So here’s a list of our five favorite places on the internet to learn music theory for free, plus a bonus one that may or may not feel totally obvious if you’ve ever been to Soundfly. Enjoy!

Learningmusic.ableton.com

Ableton’s learning music website explains music theory from a music producer’s perspective and jumps right into making music by learning the basics of combining different elements like drum programming, song structure, chords, tempo, and genre variations. This website is a great way to learn about music theory in a way that is practical, intuitive, and referential to popular and classic artists such as Beyoncé, Bob Marley, and Donna Summer, among others.

Musictheory.net

Musictheory.net is a great website that offers visualized resources for musicians ranging in skill level from beginner to advanced. Some of the lesson topics covered include rhythm, scales, intervals, chords, and chord progressions. Several exercises on the site will help you identify notes and intervals both on the guitar fretboard and keyboard, so it’s a pretty versatile site depending on your instrument of choice. It’s been up for what seems like forever so you can bet that as your knowledge grows, you’ll be able to return to Musictheory.net any time you need a refresher!

Teoria.com

Teoría offers tutorials on reading music, musical forms, and identifying scales, chords, and intervals. Each topic is broken down into easily-digestible sections, so you can jump around and learn about specific elements that you may want to learn about as opposed to having to read pages and pages to find an answer. Teoría also has an extensive range of exercises for ear training and identifying keys, intervals, scales, and rhythms, which can help solidify your fundamentals.

8notes.com

8notes is a music site that offers free sheet music and music lessons for piano, voice, drums, and guitar. The majority of the sheet music on the page is paired with play-throughs, and play along with band accompaniment. The sheet music ranges in difficulty from beginner to advanced. This site is a fantastic way to get used to playing along with accompaniment and understanding how you can learn music with a combination of audio content and written material.

Soundfly.com

Hey that’s us! Here at Soundfly, we offer a range of both free and paid courses for a variety of contemporary musical topics that are important for today’s music maker. Although the key to our model is that we pair each student with a professional mentor during their session of every paid course, our free courses are designed to get you learning immediately, putting your new skills to work in a meaningful way, and making sure you’re up to date with how music is being made nowadays.

Courses such as Theory for Producers, Music Theory for Beginner Pianists, and How to Read Music feature entertaining and informative videos, downloadable resources, actionable challenges and tons more value, all for the price of nada.

Want to get all of Soundfly’s online music course content for a low monthly cost? 

The All Access Pass is only $39 per month, and with it you’ll get total access to all of Soundfly’s premium course content, access to our Slack community forum, and exclusive discounts on coaching sessions and guided learning. Check it out, learn what you want and whenever you want, and cancel anytime! Sign up here for the All Access Pass or get in touch with [email protected] with questions. 

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Efa Etoroma
Efa Etoroma

Efa Etoroma, Jr. is a Los Angeles-based professional drummer, composer, and educator who is known for his stylistic versatility, expressive creativity, and his deep musical instincts. He performs and/or records with a variety artists including Moonchild, Sneakout, Ellen Doty, Bennie Maupin, A La Mer, BRNSTRM, The Writers’ Guild, and Sensae. In addition, Efa Jr. serves on the drum set faculty at the Musician’s Institute in Hollywood, California and teaches songwriting and music production at Citystage LA. Efa Jr. uses Yamaha Drums, Paiste Cymbals, Promark Sticks, Humes and Berg Cases, and Remo Drumheads, exclusively.